REFUGEES CAMP AND TRANSIT CENTERS

Rwanda hosts 149,602 refugees mainly Congolese and Burundians. Refugees in Rwanda enjoy Right to non-discrimination, freedom to religion and belief, right to own immovable and movable properties, right to intellectual property, membership to association to forums with non-political orientation, access to justice and legal representation, rights of residence, right to be protected by the Government, freedoms of movement  as provided by the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and other international instruments ratified by the Republic of Rwanda.

92% of refugee population is located in refugee camps and they rely on humanitarian assistance while 8% of refugees reside in urban areas mainly Kigali and Huye and are self-reliant.

Congolese make up 52% of the total refugee population in Rwanda while Burundians are 47%, Children make up 50% of the registered population while women and children are 76% of the population. The average family size is 3.5 individuals.

a) Refugee Camps and establishment dates 

The following are refugee camps in Rwanda with dates of establishment and respective populations:

No

Refugee Camp name

Location

District-Province

Year of establishment

Number of refugees

(Feb 2019)

1

Kiziba

Karongi-West

December, 1996

17,064

2

Gihembe

Gicumbi-North

November, 1997

13,091

3

Nyabiheke

Gatsibo-Est

April, 2005

14,337

4

Kigeme

Nyamagabe-South

June, 2012

20,643

5

Mugombwa

Gisagara-South

February, 2014

10,669

6

Mahama

Kirehe-Est

April 2015

59,319

b) Transit and reception centers 

2 Transit centres and 2 reception centres are used to accommodate temporary new refugees and Rwandan returnees in transit to their place of origin.

No

Transit/Reception centre name

Location/ District

1

Kijote TC

Nyabihu

2

Nyarushishi TC

Rusizi

3

Nyanza RC

Nyanza

4

Bugesera RC

 Bugesera