Rwanda hosts 149,602 refugees mainly Congolese and Burundians. Refugees in Rwanda enjoy Right to non-discrimination, freedom to religion and belief, right to own immovable and movable properties, right to intellectual property, membership to association to forums with non-political orientation, access to justice and legal representation, rights of residence, right to be protected by the Government, freedoms of movement as provided by the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and other international instruments ratified by the Republic of Rwanda.
92% of refugee population is located in refugee camps and they rely on humanitarian assistance while 8% of refugees reside in urban areas mainly Kigali and Huye and are self-reliant.
Congolese make up 52% of the total refugee population in Rwanda while Burundians are 47%, Children make up 50% of the registered population while women and children are 76% of the population. The average family size is 3.5 individuals.
a) Refugee Camps and establishment dates
The following are refugee camps in Rwanda with dates of establishment and respective populations:
Refugee Camp name
Year of establishment
Number of refugees
b) Transit and reception centers
2 Transit centres and 2 reception centres are used to accommodate temporary new refugees and Rwandan returnees in transit to their place of origin.
Transit/Reception centre name