This report was prepared by joint team from the Government of Rwanda’s Ministry in Charge of Emergency Management (MINEMA) and the World Bank. The protracted refugee presence has had mixed impacts at the local level. On one hand, the refugee population can be a burden on a country in which 56 percent of people still live below the international poverty line.8 The establishment of camps has affected food availability and strained basic services in the districts hosting refugees. Some local school populations have increased by more than 300 percent. Several camps have been set up in mountainous areas, leading to soil erosion and run-off into agricultural land.
The objective of the ‘Rwanda: Economic Activity and Opportunity for Refugee Inclusion’ study is to inform the design of the SEIRHCP and to strengthen the joint UNHCR-Ministry in charge of Emergency Management (MINEMA) strategy for refugee economic inclusion. The study documents economic activities and opportunities in the six districts hosting refugees in Rwanda and proposes specific recommendations to enhance economic inclusion for refugees and host communities. The assessment is intended to ensure that the SEIRHCP design is grounded in a solid understanding of market demand. It also seeks to inform the ongoing revision of the joint UNHCR-MINEMA economic inclusion strategy by analyzing the wider economic context.
In the framework of improving the living conditions of refugees and host communities, the Government of Rwanda through the Ministry in Charge of Emergency Management (MINEMA) and with the funding from the World Bank is preparing the project entitled “Socio Economic Inclusion of Refugees and Host Communities” (SEIRHCP).
The project will be implemented in the six Districts hosting refugee camps, namely Kirehe, Gatsibo, Karongi, Nyamagabe, Gisagara, and Gicumbi hosting respectively the refugee camps Mahama, Nyabiheke, Kiziba, Kigeme, Mugombwa, and Gihembe.
In line with the Government of Rwanda and World Bank requirements, the Ministry in Charge of Emergency Management has prepared the Environmental and Social Management Framework and Resettlement Framework Policy for the implementation of the SEIRHCP activities.
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